Types of Kidney Stones

Types Of Kidney Stones

In this post we will discuss about types of kidney stones. There are four kinds of kidney stones: uric acid, struvite, calcium oxalate, and cystine. A kidney stone can usually be detected by ultrasound, blood test, X rays or urine test. Common signs include severe pain at lower back, blood in the urine, nausea, dizziness, vomiting and fever.

If a stone is large and solid, it can damage surrounding tissues and cause urinary tract obstruction, which is a potentially fatal complication. Stones that are not lodged in the urethra but lie in the urinary tract are called struvite.

Different types of kidney stones are commonly made from calcium and oxalates. It may increase in size over time if left untreated. As it grows in size, the amount of dissolved materials also increases, eventually leading to a severe kidney infection.

The risk of developing kidney infection increases with increased calcium intake because oxalates help form oxalates, which are common in foods. Excessive amounts of calcium in the body may increase the risk of developing kidney stones.

Personal Care:

Kidney stones should be treated as soon as possible to prevent serious complications from occurring. Because of the many medical conditions associated with the kidneys and the bladder, it is extremely important to drink lots of fluids, exercise regularly and watch our weight. A low-salt diet may help prevent stones from forming, as well as certain types of medications and other medical conditions. Pain relievers such as Tylenol and acetaminophen can help to relieve pain associated with the urinary tract. There are several treatment methods available for the treatment of these conditions and should be discussed with a doctor before starting any therapy.

Uric Acid Kidney Stones

A family history of kidney stones is a known risk factor for the development of these painful stones. The stones form typically after years of dehydration, the consumption of excessive amounts of  water, and the consumption of certain foods that can be an indicator for future kidney stones.

The stones tend to produce a sharp painless lump in one’s lower back at the base of the urinary tract and are extremely uncomfortable. If these stones are not treated early enough, they can eventually lead to the formation of kidney stones themselves which are extremely dangerous and potentially deadly. Hyperuricemia can cause stones to form much faster and move through the urinary system more quickly.

A family history of kidney stones can also increase the chance that the treatment of these stones will be successful. In many cases patients do not have to worry about developing hyperuricemia or kidney stones if the family history has nothing to do with their condition. However, it is always important to take any new health information seriously and consult a doctor immediately.

Causes:

Some conditions such as diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and gout are common causes of elevated uric acid levels but often times these can be managed and treated easily.Doctors recommend a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in protein and sodium in order to help prevent and treat hyperuricemia. They recommend avoiding animal proteins, meat, dairy products, and caffeine. However, if a patient does have hyperuricemia doctors may prescribe some medications that help prevent and treat the condition. Some of these medications are potassium citrate, potassium gluconate, and magnesium citrate.

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